By Caitlin Hornik
Argentina is known for producing some of the world’s best wines! Approximately 57% of the wine produced is red, with 24% being rosé, and 19% being white wine. Most of the wine regions here are located at high altitudes above sea level and far away from the water. Combine that with the dry climate, pure water quality, and low soil fertility, and you have beautifully aromatic, high quality wines!
Argentine grapes are harvested in low valleys and lush plains where the growing conditions are ideal. Here’s a closer look at some of the more prominent regions producing your favorite wines!
Named one of the Great Wine Capitals of the world, Mendoza has a reputation for producing some of the best Malbec wines! Argentina is the world’s leading producer of Malbec. While Malbec is grown in every wine region in the country, Mendoza continues to be the main producer. As a result, Mendoza is probably the most well-known wine region in Argentina! In addition to producing delicious malbecs, Mendoza is also known producing Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Torrontés. The Uco Valley and Lujan de Cuyo are two districts within the Mendoza region known for their upscale wineries. The Uco Valley specifically is very fertile and has become a hot spot for tourism.
Located in Patagonia, Rio Negro is known for producing interesting Semillion, Sauvignon Blanc, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and Malbec varietals. The climate in the High Valley, with an altitude of 1,200 feet, includes cold winters and warm, dry summers. This region receives constant winds from the Andes Mountains, which increases air dryness and leads to unique conditions for grapes. The resulting wines have unique personalities and tastes, with a nearly perfect blend of alcohol and acidity!
Many wines from Salta are known for their strong and lingering flavors. Argentina is the only country in the world to produce Torrontés, an iconic white grape. The Cafayate Valley in Salta has begun to establish itself around the world as a leading producer of Torrontés. What makes this grape so unique is its fruity and refreshing flavor. Wines from the Cafayate Valley tend to be fruity yet dry due to the climate there. Located over 9,000 feet above sea level and receiving very little rain, the grapevines here have flourished due to the conditions.
It may be one of the smallest wine regions in the country, but Cordoba continues to have a big impact. Cordoba is one of the oldest wine regions in all of South America, having been founded in the 16th century by the Jesuits. The climate here in the central part of the country is warm with high temperatures. Combine that with the healthy soil and the resulting grapes have a full-bodied and distinct flavor. Despite its small size, Cordoba continues to produce delicious Malbec, Pinot Noir, and Chardonnay wines.